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          背起來:大學英語六級寫譯高頻詞

          2022-03-17 14:16 點擊:次 【字號

          大學六級寫譯高頻詞

          動詞

          1. 強調 stress/emphasize/underline

          2. 象征 represent / stand for / symbolize / signify

          3. 經歷 undergo/experience/go through

          4. 要求,需要 require/demand/request

          5. 升級 upgrade

          6. 使用,利用 use/utilize/make use of

          7. 反映 reflect

          8. 吸引 attract/fascinate

          9. 加強 strengthen/enhance/reinforce

          10. 描述,描繪 portray/depict/describe

          11. 改善,完善 improve/better/perfect

          12. 促進 promote/facilitate/advance/further

          13. 建造 construct/build

          14. 減少 reduce/cut down

          15. 展現 reveal/show/exhibit/display

          16. 參加,出席 join/attend/participate in/enter into

          17. 創立,建立 found/establish/set up

          18. 繁榮,興旺 boom/flourish/prosper

          19. 超過 exceed/surpass/overtake

          20. 消除 eliminate/remove/eradicate

          名詞

          1. 演變,發展 evolvement/development

          2. 改進,改善,提高 improvement / reforming / enrichment

          3. 文化 culture/civilization

          4. 技術 technology/skill/technique

          5. 文學 literature

          6. 航行 voyage/sailing/navigation

          7. 設施,設備 facility/equipment/device

          8. 貧困 poverty

          9. 創新 innovation

          10. 朝代 dynasty

          11. 安全 safety/security

          12. 企業家 entrepreneur

          13. 發源地 birthplace

          14. 交流 exchange/communication

          15. 城市化 urbanization

          形容詞

          1. 先進的 advanced/progressive

          2. 獨特的,特別的 unique / distinctive/particular

          3. 不同的,多種多樣的 different / various/diverse

          4. 著名的 famous/well-known/noted

          5. 流行的,受歡迎的 popular / fashionable / widespread

          6. 相似的 similar

          7. 傳統的 traditional/conventional

          8. 顯著的,杰出的 prominent/remarkable

          9. 歷史性的 historic

          10. 文化的 cultural

          11. 重要的 important / significant / vital/crucial

          12. 許多,眾多的 many/numerous/multiple

          13. 國家的,國民的,民族的 national

          14. 典型的 typical/representative

          15. 燦爛的,輝煌的 brilliant / splendid / glorious

          16. 農村的 rural

          17. 皇家的,王室的 royal/imperial

          18. 繁榮的 flourishing/prosperous/booming

          19. 穩定的 stable/steady/stabilized

          20. 前所未有的 unprecedented

          副詞

          1. 通常、頻繁地 usually / generally / frequently / constantly

          2. 明顯地 apparently/obviously/distinctly

          3. 廣泛地 widely/far andwide/generally

          4. 主要地,大體上 mainly/primarily/basically

          5. 嚴厲地 severely/strictly/seriously

          6. 大幅度地,快速 sharply/rapidly

          7. 同時 simultaneously/meanwhile

          8. 當前,目前 currently

          9. 越來越多地 increasingly

          短語

          1. 被視為 be regarded/considered/seen as

          2. 作出貢獻 make contributions to

          3. 相繼 in succession/one after another

          4. 據估計 It is estimated that/according to the estimates/It is considered that

          5. 大量的 a large number of(+ 可數名詞 )/a good deal of/a large amount of (+ 不可數名詞 )

          6. 涉足 set foot in/be involved in

          7. 改革開放 reform and opening up

          8. 越來越多的 more and more/an increasing number of/a growing number of

          9. 用于 be used as/serve as

          10. 在 …… 中起作用,扮演 …… 角色 play a role in

          11. 歸因于,歸功于 be attributed to

          12. 據說 It is said that

          13. 努力做某事 strive to do/make efforts to do/work hard at

          14. 屈從 submit to/yield to

          15. 坐落 be located/be situated (+ 介詞 )

          16. 以 …… 而出名 be famous for/be well-known for/be noted for

          17. 不僅 …… 而且 …… not only...but also...

          18. 重視 pay attention to/attach importance to/lay stress on

          19. 同時 at the same time/in the meantime

          20. 導致 result in/lead to/bring about/give rise to

          21. 被列為 be listed as/be classified as

          22. 占(比例) account for

          23. 源于 originate from/come from

          24. 在 …… 方面 in terms of/in the aspect of

          二、常用詞高級替換,寫譯瞬間高大上

          重要的 important

          ❶ vital ['vaɪt(ə)l]

          She had found out some information of vital importance.

          她已經發現了一些至關重要的信。

          ❷ crucial ['kruːʃ(ə)l]

          It is crucial that the problem is tackled immediately.

          立即著手解決這個問題是至關重要的。

          ❸ prominent ['prɒmɪnənt]

          This considerable increase in investment played a prominent role in fueling economic growth.

          投資的較大幅度增加,對拉動經濟增長發揮了明顯作用。

          ❹ cardinal ['kɑːd(ɪ)n(ə)l]

          Respect for life is a cardinal principle of English law.

          尊重生命是英國法律最重要的原則。

          優秀的 good

          ❶ excellent ['eks(ə)l(ə)nt]

          She has always had a high reputation for her excellent short stories.

          她一直因其優秀的短篇小說享有很高的聲望。

          ❷ outstanding [aʊt'stændɪŋ]

          The girl who won the scholarship was quite outstanding.

          得獎學金的女孩是相當優秀的。

          ❸ extraordinary [ɪkˈstrɔːdnri]

          Her strength of will was extraordinary.

          她的意志力是非凡的。

          ❹ remarkable [rɪ'mɑːkəb(ə)l]

          The economic diplomacy of China is characterized by distinctive features and remarkable achievements.

          中國的經濟外交具有鮮明的特點和卓越的成就。

          有趣的 interesting

          ❶ amusing [ə'mjuːzɪŋ]

          Do not hesitate to laugh at anything you find amusing.

          只要覺得好笑就盡管笑。

          ❷ entertaining [entə'teɪnɪŋ]

          This is an entertaining yet thought-provoking film.

          這部電影令人捧腹,卻又發人深省。

          ❸ engaging [ɪn'geɪdʒɪŋ]

          His engaging personality made him popular with his peers.

          他迷人的個性使他深受同齡人的喜愛。

          有活力的 energetic

          ❶ dynamic [daɪ'næmɪk]

          South Asia continues to be the most dynamic economic region in the world.

          南亞仍然是世界上最具活力的經濟區。

          ❷ vigorous ['vɪg(ə)rəs]

          We urge vigorous action to be taken immediately.

          我們強烈要求立即采取有力措施。

          ❸ animated ['ænɪmeɪtɪd]

          His observations gave rise to an animated and lively discussion.

          他的言論引起了一場氣氛熱烈而活躍的討論。

          充足的 abundant

          ❶ ample ['æmp(ə)l]

          Agriculture has developed rapidly, thus providing light industry with ample raw materials.

          農業迅速發展,從而為輕工業提供了充足的原料。

          ❷ plentiful ['plentɪfʊl]

          Hot climate and plentiful rainfall favor the growth of plants.

          炎熱的氣候和充足的雨水有助于植物生長。

          ❸ generous ['dʒen(ə)rəs]

          No one is expecting a very generous pay increase this year.

          沒有人指望今年會有大幅度的工資增長。

          勇敢的 brave

          ❶ courageous [kə'reɪdʒəs]

          The pioneers are courageous indeed, overcoming one difficulty after another.

          這些開拓者的確有勇氣,他們克服了一個又一個的困難。

          ❷ bold [bəʊld]

          Big, successful moves need bold, masterful managers.

          重大而成功的舉措需要既大膽又善于控制局勢的經理來實施。

          ❸ fearless ['fɪəlɪs]

          To go in for technical innovation, one must have the fearless spirit of a pathbreaker.

          搞技術革新就要有一股不怕困難的闖勁。

          合理的 reasonable

          ❶ sound [saʊnd]

          She gave me some very sound advice.

          她給了我一些非常合理的建議。

          ❷ rational ['ræʃ(ə)n(ə)l]

          There is no rational explanation for his actions.

          對他的所作所為無法作出合理的解釋。

          ❸ sensible ['sensɪb(ə)l]

          It would seem more sensible to apply standards flexibly rather than rigidly.

          靈活地運用標準比死守標準會顯得更合情合理。

          著名的 famous

          ❶ renowned [rɪ'naʊnd]

          The region is renowned for its outstanding natural beauty.

          該地區以其無以倫比的自然風景聞名于世。

          ❷ noticeable ['nəʊtɪsəb(ə)l]

          The class has made noticeable improvement.

          這個班已有引人注目的進步。

          ❸ notable ['nəʊtəb(ə)l]

          The book stands out as one of the notable landmarks in the progress of modern science.

          這部著作是現代科學發展史上著名的里程碑之一。

          有益的 helpful

          ❶ favorable ['feɪvərəbl]

          Such events occur only when the external conditions are favorable.

          這種事情只有在外部條件有利時才會發生。

          ❷ beneficial [benɪ'fɪʃ(ə)l]

          It can be beneficial to share your feelings with someone you trust.

          向自己信任的人傾訴感情是很有益處的。

          ❸ rewarding [rɪ'wɔːdɪŋ]

          It is a very rewarding exercise to work this out oneself.

          獨自解決這個問題是一次受益匪淺的鍛煉。

          許多 many

          ❶ numerous ['njuːm(ə)rəs]

          Numerous factories have sprung up in this once desolate area.

          過去這一帶滿目蒼涼, 現在卻有了無數的工廠。

          ❷ a host of

          The special theory of relativity has raised a host of questions.

          狹義相對論引出了許多問題。

          ❸ multitude of

          I was awed by the multitude of stars in the night sky.

          夜空中的繁星震撼了我。

          不同的 different

          ❶ various ['veərɪəs]

          These data have been collected from various sources.

          這些數據是從各方面搜集來的。

          ❷ a variety of

          A variety of heavy industries grew up alongside the port.

          各種重工業沿著港口逐漸發展起來。

          ❸ diverse [daɪ'vɜːs]

          People hold diverse attitudes toward these new regulations.

          人們對于這些新規定抱有不同的態度。

          普遍的 common

          ❶ commonplace ['kɒmənpleɪs]

          Yet on the most commonplace occasion I can never know your thoughts.

          然而即便在最普通的事情上我也琢摸不透你的心思。

          ❷ universal [juːnɪ'vɜːs(ə)l]

          Such problems are a universal feature of senior citizens.

          這類問題是老年人的通病。

          ❸ pervasive [pə'veɪsɪv]

          It is the most pervasive compound on earth.

          它是地球上最普遍的化合物。

          唯一的 only

          ❶ solely ['səʊllɪ]

          Success should not be measured solely by educational achievement.

          成功與否不應只用學業成績來衡量。

          ❷ unique [juː'niːk]

          The examples are unique to this dictionary.

          這些例證是這部詞典獨有的。

          ❸ merely ['mɪəlɪ]

          You are merely reciting facts that you have learned by rote.

          你只是在背誦自己死記硬背下來的東西。

          貧窮的 poor

          ❶ needy ['niːdɪ]

          Needy and handicapped people depend on government relief for their support.

          窮人和殘疾人依靠政府的救濟維持生計。

          ❷ impoverished [ɪm'pɒvərɪʃt]

          The rural people have been impoverished by a collapsing economy.

          經濟崩潰使農村地區的人們一貧如洗。

          ❸ in poverty

          He was bred up in poverty.

          他是在貧苦的生活環境中長大的。

          富裕的 rich

          ❶ wealthy ['welθɪ]

          All of them came from wealthy, upper class families.

          他們全部來自富有的上流社會家庭。

          ❷ well-heeled ['wel'hi:ld]

          Both families are reasonably well-heeled and comfortably-off.

          兩家人都相當富有,都生活得很舒適。

          ❸ well-to-do

          She comes from a well-to-do family.

          她出身于一個小康之家。

          大的 big

          ❶ vast [vɑːst]

          The pollution has already turned vast areas into a wasteland.

          污染已經使大片地區淪為不毛之地。

          ❷ massive ['mæsɪv]

          We needed to reskill our workforce to cope with massive technological change.

          我們得讓工人學習新技能,以應對巨大的技術變革。

          ❸ enormous [ɪ'nɔːməs]

          The enormous difficulty makes him cynical about the feasibility of the idea.

          巨大的困難讓他對這個主意是否可行持懷疑態度。

          新的 new

          ❶ brand-new

          Net Electronic Map has become a brand-new way for showing the geographic information.

          網上電子地圖已成為一種全新的地理信息展示方式。

          ❷ fresh [freʃ]

          The company set to make a fresh start under a new broom.

          公司準備在新任領導的帶領下開創新局面。

          ❸ novel ['nɒv(ə)l]

          Protesters found a novel way of demonstrating against steeply rising oil prices.

          抗議者找到了抗議油價飛漲的新辦法。

          有害的 harmful

          ❶ damaging ['dæmɪdʒɪŋ]

          Many chemicals have a damaging effect on the environment.

          許多化學物質都對環境有破壞性的影響。

          ❷ ruinous ['ruːɪnəs]

          The decision has proved to be ruinous.

          事實證明這個決定造成了危害。

          ❸ destructive [dɪ'strʌktɪv]

          The city witnessed the destructive force of the storm.

          這座城市遭受了這場暴風雨的巨大破壞力。

          困難的 difficult

          ❶ demanding [dɪ'mɑːndɪŋ]

          He found he could no longer cope with his demanding job.

          他發現自己已無力應對這份勞神費力的工作了。

          ❷ laborious [lə'bɔːrɪəs]

          They had the laborious task of cutting down the huge tree.

          他們要完成砍伐大樹的艱苦工作。

          ❸ formidable ['fɔːmɪdəb(ə)l]

          He took on the formidable task of reforming the whole system.

          他承擔起改革整個系統的艱巨任務。

          無聊的 boring

          ❶ dull [dʌl]

          The conference was deadly dull.

          會議開得死氣沉沉的。

          ❷ tiresome ['taɪəs(ə)m]

          I find it very tiresome doing the same job day after day.

          日復一日做相同的工作讓我覺得非常無聊。

          ❸ tedious ['tiːdɪəs]

          He that can read and meditate will not find his evenings long or life tedious.

          會讀書和思考的人不會感到長夜無聊或者生活乏味。

          憂慮的 worried

          ❶ anxious ['æŋ(k)ʃəs]

          He was anxious about the enormity of the task ahead.

          他為眼前任務的艱巨性而感到焦慮。

          ❷ apprehensive [æprɪ'hensɪv]

          The long delay had made me quite apprehensive.

          長時間的耽擱使我相當憂慮。

          ❸ fraught [frɔːt]

          It has been a somewhat fraught day.

          這是令人頗為擔憂的一天。

          沮喪的 sad

          ❶ depressed [dɪ'prest]

          She felt very depressed about the future.

          她感到前途無望。

          ❷ gloomy ['gluːmɪ]

          They found him in gloomy, downbeat mood.

          他們發現他情緒低落,無精打采。

          ❸ frustrated [frʌ'streɪtɪd]

          Both sides in the dispute appeared very frustrated at the lack of progress.

          爭執雙方因事情毫無進展而顯得十分沮喪。

          懷疑的 doubtful

          ❶ skeptical ['skeptɪkəl]

          Many were skeptical about this solution.

          許多人對這一解決辦法表示懷疑。

          ❷ suspicious [sə'spɪʃəs]

          Most organizations are, quite understandably, suspicious of new ideas.

          大多數機構對新想法持懷疑態度,這不難理解。

          ❸ incredulous [ɪn'kredjʊləs]

          She gave me an incredulous glance.

          她表示懷疑地向我瞥了一眼。

           



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